Floods occur for various reasons—whether from flash floods or a combination of heavy rainfall and poor drainage, you can take advantage of trees that soak up water to help with flood control. Unlike their moisture-sensitive counterparts, some trees have an incredible capacity to take up considerable amounts of water and survive in wet conditions.
If you live in a flood-prone area or your property sits in an area that experiences frequent flooding, such as the base of a hill or sunken spot, being selective and strategic about the trees you plant can come in handy.
Reach out to the best tree service company in Canton for help in selecting trees that soak up water.
Trees That Help to Prevent Floods
As society confronts climate change and the higher risk of flooding, trees could become even more critical. When it rains, trees can intercept water through their roots and canopies. When tree roots penetrate deep into the soil, they loosen the soil and create empty spaces between the soil particles.
These spaces allow excess water from a heavy downpour to seep into the ground to prevent floods. Extensive root systems also absorb huge water quantities and hold the topsoil together to prevent chunks of soil from blocking streams and rivers.
They also hold water in their canopies, slowing water release and minimizing the risk of flooding. This action gives the soil enough time to absorb rainwater and prevent the rise of the water level.
Willow trees are attractive ornamental trees typically planted near rivers, ponds, and parks. They feature small narrow leaves and dropping branches. The roots of a willow tree grow extensively and penetrate deep into the soil, making them ideal for absorbing water.
However, it would be best if you didn’t grow weeping willows near buildings because it can cause them to crack and block underground pipes.
Bald Cypress trees grow well in moist, well-drained, and dry soils. Their root systems can also absorb large volumes of water during rainfall and prevent floods. The Bald Cypress can also survive hurricanes and strong winds. Thanks to an extensive root system, they can not only slow down the speed of rapidly cycling water but also prevent soil erosion.
River Birch Tree
The River Birch tree typically grows in thickets on lakeshores and river banks. It also grows well in sandy areas and flood plains. This tree tolerates extreme conditions and grows well in moist or wet soil.
The River Birch has roots that grow and branch out as they seek water sources. Their extensive root network helps prevent flooding and soil erosion in nearby areas.
More trees that help to prevent flooding include:
- Boxelder tree
- American hornbeam
- Common Alder
- Silver Maple
- American Holly
- Sweetbay Magnolia
Overall, planting trees can cost money but much less than the damage that flooding can cause.
When you need help choosing and planting trees that soak up water to help in flood control, contact Barone’s Tree Pros. Dial (601) 345-8090 to learn more about our tree care services and schedule a consultation.